WRI’s global wood fiber prices indices reached four-year highs in the
4Q/18 as the costs for wood chips and pulp logs have moved upward in
most of the 19 world regions tracked by the Wood Resource Quarterly.
Global wood fiber prices have trended upward for much of the period 2014 to 2018, with
wood costs going up the most for pulp mills in Western North America, Europe, Indonesia
and China. Only pulp mills in Brazil and Eastern Canada have seen their wood costs go
down during this period.
Seattle, USA. Wood fiber costs ranged between 45% and 70% of the cash costs for the
production of pulp around the world in the 4Q/18. The costs for wood chips and pulp logs
were generally higher worldwide in 2018 than in 2017 with both the Softwood Fiber Price
Index (SFPI) and the Hardwood Fiber Price Index (HFPI) reaching their highest levels
in four years. From the 4Q/16 to the 4Q/18, the SFPI and the HFPI increased by 6.4% and
Over the past two years, softwood fiber prices were up over 20% in the US Northwest,
Western Canada, the Nordic countries and Germany, according to the Wood Resource
Quarterly (WRQ). The only regions where fiber costs have fallen since the 4Q/16 were
Eastern Canada and Brazil. In Eastern Canada, fiber costs have declined primarily because
of an oversupply of wood chips and in Brazil due to a weakening Brazilian Real. In Ontario
and Quebec, growing lumber production has created ample supplies of residual chips while
demand for wood fiber has stagnated. As a consequence, wood chip prices have fallen by
almost 50% in six years and some sawmills are struggling to find buyers for all their chip
During the past two years, the costs for hardwood pulp logs have gone up in 15 of the 16
countries tracked by the WRQ. Pulp mills in some of the major hardwood pulp-producing
regions, including China, Finland, Indonesia and Spain, have seen their fiber costs go up
between 10-30% from the 4Q/16 to the 4Q/18.
Import prices for hardwood chips to China have gone up steadily from late 2017 to early
2019, predominantly because of increased prices for wood chips which have been sourced
from the higher-cost countries of Australia and Chile. In late 2018 and early 2019, import
prices for hardwood chips to China and Japan were practically the same. This is unlike in
the previous decade when prices for overseas chips delivered to Japan were between $20-
70/odmt higher than for those shipped to China.