VANCOUVER, CNW — West Fraser has reported results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2018. Ted Seraphim, CEO of West Fraser stated, “The fourth quarter was challenging on a number of fronts including soft lumber markets, difficult weather conditions in the U.S. South, production curtailments in British Columbia as well as planned and unplanned downtime. In spite of these challenges, in 2018 we reported the highest level of EBITDA in company history, continued deploying capital to our mills with a number of high return projects completed and maintained our balanced capital allocation strategy. We increased our dividend twice and executed $675 million of share buybacks while maintaining significant financial flexibility. Lumber markets have begun to recover in the first quarter of 2019 and we remain encouraged by the long term outlook for lumber as we focus on the activities that generate the best outcomes for all our stakeholders.”

Fourth Quarter

  • Sales of $1.274 billion
  • SPF US dollar #2 & Better 2×4 benchmark price decreased by 32%
  • SYP US dollar #2 West 2×4 benchmark price decreased 11%, wider dimensions decreased more significantly
  • Earnings of $29 million, basic EPS of $0.42
  • Adjusted earnings of $43 million, Adjusted basic EPS of $0.63
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $120 million or 9% of sales
  • Quarterly cash dividend of $0.20 declared
  • Repurchased 1,750,436 Common shares for $119 million at an average price of $67.89 per share


  • Sales of $6.118 billion, $984 million or 19% higher than 2017
  • Earnings of $810 million, basic EPS of $10.88 per share
  • Adjusted earnings of $945 million, Adjusted basic EPS of $12.70
  • Adjusted EBITDA increased year-over-year by $378 million to $1.538 billion, 25% of sales
  • Cash provided by operating activities of $909 million
  • Reinvested $370 million through capital expenditure
  • Returned $712 million of capital to shareholders through share buybacks and dividends
  • Year-end liquidity strong with $491 million of available bank lines and $160 million of cash, net debt to capital ratio healthy at 17%

Results Compared to Previous Periods

($ millions except earnings per share (“EPS”)) Q4-18 Q3-18 YTD-18 Q4-17 YTD-17
Sales 1,274 1,646 6,118 1,376 5,134
Adjusted EBITDA1 120 446 1,538 341 1,160
Operating earnings 15 328 1,072 293 870
Earnings 29 238 810 207 596
Basic EPS ($) 0.42 3.25 10.88 2.66 7.63
Adjusted Earnings1 43 275 945 201 659
Adjusted basic EPS ($)1 0.63 3.76 12.70 2.58 8.44
1. In this News Release, reference is made to Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted earnings and Adjusted basic EPS (collectively “these measures”). We believe that, in addition to earnings, these measures are useful performance indicators. None of these measures is a generally accepted earnings measure under International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) and none has a standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. Investors are cautioned that these measures should not be considered as an alternative to earnings, EPS or cash flow, as determined in accordance with IFRS. As there is no standardized method of calculating any of these measures, our method of calculating each of them may differ from the methods used by other entities and, accordingly, our use of any of these measures may not be directly comparable to similarly titled measures used by other entities. Refer to the tables in the section titled “Non-IFRS Measures” in our year-end 2018 Management’s Discussion & Analysis for details of these adjustments.

Operational results

Our lumber segment generated an operating loss of $22 million (Q3-18 – $233 million income) and Adjusted EBITDA of $68 million (Q3-18 – $339 million). This quarter’s results were unfavorably impacted by the significant decline in lumber prices, a decline in shipment volumes, log cost inflation in British Columbia and persistent wet weather in the U.S. South that affected log availability and pricing. Realized lumber prices were 21% lower than the third quarter which impacted Adjusted EBITDA for the segment by $201 million. In the fourth quarter, the differential between SYP narrow and wide dimension products increased relative to the third quarter which also contributed to the decline in the realized price. Lumber shipments declined approximately 10% from the third quarter as SPF shipments were higher in Q2 and Q3 due to backlogs from earlier in the year and due to wet weather in U.S. South which impacted construction job site activity. In addition, markets for lumber were softer in the fourth quarter of 2018 as new home construction eased in the second half of 2018 compared to its strong start in the first half of 2018. The decline in shipment volumes negatively impacted Adjusted EBITDA by a further $35 million compared to the third quarter of 2018. Costs, net of other revenues and before duties expense, were approximately 5% higher than the third quarter which impacted earnings by an additional $35 million. Higher log costs, maintenance downtime, commissioning of capital projects, temporary curtailments and production schedules that were interrupted by wet weather in the U.S. South all contributed to the increase in costs.

Our panels segment generated operating earnings in the quarter of $4 million (Q3-18 – $31 million) and Adjusted EBITDA of $9 million (Q3-18 – $34 million). Pricing in the plywood market was significantly softer in the fourth quarter of 2018 as compared to the prior quarter and the prior year.

Our pulp & paper segment generated operating earnings of $36 million (Q3-18 – $65 million) and Adjusted EBITDA of $47 million (Q3-18 – $73 million). In Q4 of 2018 we took a shut down at our Quesnel BCTMP mill to install new refining equipment that impacted production and shipments were further impacted by a delayed vessel sailing that shifted into January. After a relatively better third quarter of 2018 at our Hinton NBSK mill, we experienced further reliability and production challenges that reduced our production and shipments from the levels achieved in the third quarter. Pulp prices declined in Q4 as growing inventories tempered demand which also reduced earnings.


Despite the record results, 2018 was a challenging year for West Fraser. Poor weather conditions and transportation difficulties early in 2018 impacted production and shipments which caused extreme volatility in lumber price and order patterns. Our year-over-year lumber production increase of 376 MMfbm came largely from the 2017 acquisition of the Gilman mills and was offset by challenges across our mills. We completed the modernization of our High Prairie, Alberta sawmill and are in the process of ramping up our new sawmill at Opelika, Alabama. We also completed a number of other productivity projects including additional continuous dry kilns, pulp refining upgrades and sawmill modernization projects.

We remain convinced of potential for further improvement in all our operations. Our consistent business approach, diversified operating footprint, continued reinvestment in our business and development of high-performance teams puts us in a strong position to compete in our sector and product markets.

Annual Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion & Analysis (“MD & A”)

The Company’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018 and related MD & A is available on the Company’s website: and on the System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval at under the Company’s profile.